Planted as a hedge, Myrica‘s dense foliage provides dramatic bronze or burgundy winter color and protection for wildlife. Cut back any stray branches using the tool that is appropriate to the size of the branch to be cut. We use locally collected seed sources for our container grown stock. Northen bayberry shrubs (Myrica pensylvanica) look best when planted in groups.Replacing this year? Five to consider.Last winter was hard on us all…especially on the trees and shrubs that took the brunt of winter winds, sub-zero temperatures, and heavy snow. Sign up. Plants such as Japanese barberry, shrubby honeysuckle, and Asiatic bittersweet, originally introduced for their ornamental features, have escaped from our l… Avoid the use of excessive nitrogen fertilizers, which encourage overly vigorous new growth and increase the need for pruning. upright rounded growth habit, becoming upright spreading with age and often forming colonies by suckering. due to poor collar formation, or the wood itself is weak and tends to break This plant was also used to make medicine by Native Americans. The annual growth rate is 12 to 18 inches. Riverside Native Trees and Nursery grows Ohio and midwest native trees and shrubs. Physocarpus opulifolius & Angela Ryczkowski is a professional writer who has served as a greenhouse manager and certified wildland firefighter. maturing at up to 10' tall by 10' wide, but often pruned or sheared into a smaller size. Overview Information Bayberry is a shrub that grows in Texas and the eastern US. Its size varies. It appears that you have disabled your Javascript. In order for you to see this page as it is meant to appear, we ask that you please re-enable your Javascript! Zones: 4-6. The plants can be protected with a fence formed with hardware cloth (looks like chicken wire but with small square holes). About Northern Bayberry Trees Oops! Pruning is not really recommended or necessary for this plant. Bayberry Myrica pensylvanica prune in late winter/early spring (renewal or heading- back annually or … Plant in sun or partial shade. To do this, the plants branches should be tied in towards the center, and a circle of hardware cloth can be placed around the outside. Pruning, however, can be very important to the overall look of the plant. ), also commonly known as bayberries or California wax myrtles, are deciduous, semi-evergreen or evergreen shrubs and trees prized for their narrow, glossy leaves, clusters of small grayish fruits, off-white bark, and an ability to tolerate poor, sandy soils and salt spray. Landscape and Gardening Tips – December, Landscape and Gardening Tips – November. With any of the above techniques a balanced mix should be used, 20-20-20 or 20-30-20 or 18-24-16. Organic fertilizers, like manure, can also be used with good results. The material should be worked into open soil at a rate of one bushel per one 6′ shrub or 100 sq. Cut back 1/3 of the old stems to the ground each year until all that is left is the new young growth that emerges from the base. I want to know when to prune. medium-sized ornamental shrub. Bayberry is an upright-rounded, dense shrub with semi-evergreen dark green, leathery-like leaves and small waxy, persistent blue-gray fruit, which add winter interest and attract many species of birds. Considered invasive, planting is discouraged. Pruning in this fashion is much less of a shock to the shrub than doing all the pruning at once. production will result if the pruning is done after mid-July, by which time floral buds on the first-year wood have set for the next season Habitat-Zones 3 to 7-Native to Eastern North America, primarily in northern areas along the seashore (hence its adaptation to salt spray) SELECTIONS Alternates-shrubs with ornamental winter berries (Aronia Latin: Myrica pensylvanica. Myrica pensylvanica, the northern bayberry, is a species of Myrica native to eastern North America, from Newfoundland west to Ontario and Ohio, and south to North Carolina.It is also classified as Morella pensylvanica.. Myrica pensylvanica is a deciduous shrub growing to 4.5 m tall. Have not had luck with dwarf cultivars. Northern Bayberry (Morella pensylvanica; formerly Myrica pensylvanica): This deciduous to semi-evergreen shrub is more cold hardy than common waxmyrtle. Myrica pensylvanica-- Northern Bayberry Page 3 Breakage: susceptible to breakage either at the crotch Figure 3. 1. It is easiest to begin to shape a wax myrtle into a tree form when the specimen is young and within a few years of planting. Pruning requirement: requires pruning to develop strong structure. This protection should be installed in late November and removed in mid April. While not a true honeysuckle ( Lonicera spp. Description. Mature Height/spread: 3-8 ft. Its growth habit is upright, with a rounded top and forms a fairly dense shrub. It looks equally at home as a hedge, in an herb garden, or in a natural meadow. Wax myrtles (Morella cerifera or Myrica spp. Myrica Species: cerifera Family: Myricaceae Uses (Ethnobotany): The fruits of this species have been used for many years to make bayberry candles, soaps, and sealing wax. As a general rule, cut off no more than about a third of each stem, and do not make a cut so low that it is within a leafless portion of the stem. Watering - After Planting Wax myrtles, cultivated across U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 6 through 11, are fairly low-maintenance plants, but may require routine pruning to maintain or achieve a desirable shape. Only prune in early spring before the plant leafs out. What are the guidelines for pruning the follow shrubs? You can recognize old stems by their rough looking bark and their thickness. In general, these plants are either slow growing or “specimen” type plants that will need a minimal amount of pruning. Pruning, however, can be very important to the overall look of the plant. Only prune in early spring before the plant leafs out. Crossing, badly formed or damaged branches should be removed back to a main branch. Cut back branches in the wax myrtle's canopy to just above a branch junction or bud to reduce overall shrub size. The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. Leaves simple, alternate, obovate to oblong, 4-10 cm long and 3-4 cm wide, entire or shallowly toothed toward apex, glossy dark green … Prune the northern bayberry in spring and fall to maintain its shape and size. Attempts to confine it or shape it will usually reduce its vigor and may eventually lead to problems. Use hand pruners to make a diagonal cut about 1/4 inch above a node for small branches and loppers for stems wider than about an inch. If this portion of the shrub is crowded with branches, divide this type of pruning over two or three winters. By fertilizing young shrubs you can increase both the size and the amount of flowers on the plant. Granular, liquid or stake type fertilizers can be used. Granular types should be worked into the soil around the plant at a rate of 2 pounds or 2 pints per 100 square feet of planting bed. An alternative way is to drill or punch 6″ deep holes at the drip line of the plant. Poured into these holes should be a total of 1/4 pound of fertilizer per foot of height or spread of the shrub (divided up and poured evenly between all of the holes). These holes should not be filled with more than 1/3 of the fertilizer and then they should be top filled with soil. This method of fertilization should only be done once a year, and is best done in late fall after leaf drop, or in early spring before bud break. The root bark and berries are used to make medicine. How to Trim Lilac, Rose of Sharon and Forsythia Bushes, How to Prune a White Hydrangea Paniculata Kyushu, University of Florida IFAS Extension, Lee County: Wax Myrtle, Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service: Wax Myrtle, University of Georgia College of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences: Pruning Ornamental Plants in the Landscape, Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service: Pruning Shrubs, North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service: Pruning Basics. This series of publications is the result of a five-year research project that evaluated the adaptability of a variety of native trees and shrubs to the stresses of urban and residential landscapes in Maine. Place the pruned plant material in your compost bin. and cvs., USDA Hardiness Zones 3-10), Northern bush honeysuckle has honeysuckle-like yellow flowers and glossy green foliage on a native, deciduous shrub 3 to 4 feet tall and 3 to 5 feet wide. Native to North America where it is primarily found growing along the eastern coast (including seashore) from Newfoundland to North Carolina. Broadleaf deciduous to semi-evergreen shrub, 5-12 ft (1.5-3.7 m) tall, many upright stems, rounded, suckers and forms colonies. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in urban and regional studies. Little care needed. Non-native invasive plants pose a serious threat to Maine’s biodiversity. Unless performing a rejuvenation pruning, never remove more than about a third of the wax myrtle each year. Cut off infected or rubbing branches as they appear, and dispose of the removed plant portions away from desirable vegetation to prevent the spread of pathogens. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition. The flowers appear in early summer and last through summer, and the foliage occasionally exhibits bright red fall color. medium growth rate. It grows to a height of 6 to 10 feet and 10 to 15 feet wide. One of our most valuable native shrubs, Northern Bayberry (Myrica pensylvanica) should be considered for ornamental landscape use across a variety of growing zones and growing conditions. In contrast to Myrica pensylvanica (Northern Bayberry), the leaves of Myrica californica are not aromatic when crushed. In fact, you should take care to avoid any pruning that would ruin the form. Taxonomy: Myrica californica to Morella For more information on northern bayberry trees, as well as tips on how to grow a northern bayberry, read on. Propagation is by seeds, which germinate easily and rapidly, tip cuttings, division of the stolons or transplanting wild plants. I also want to how to prune for the least amount of pruning maintenance. Song birds, game birds, butterflies and moths will appreciate your thoughtful choice. Sweet Gale Growing and Maintenance Tips. While little pruning is needed to maintain the plant, late winter is the best time to prune to control height. If you live in a chilly climate, you may consider growing northern bayberry (Myrica pensylvanica). A pleasantly aromatic large shrub. Myrica pensylvanica, commonly called bayberry, is a dense-branching deciduous shrub with a rounded habit which typically grows 6-10' tall. Liquid fertilizers (such as Miracle Gro) are mixed with water and applied the same as you would water the plant (see product for specific details). This should be done three or four times per year starting in late April and ending in mid July. Stake type fertilizers can be used following the directions on the package. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. To consistently provide the best landscape services and customer experience in southeastern Wisconsin. Cut all but one to three of the shrub's most vigorous stems back to ground level in late winter if you want to achieve a tree form. Rabbits can do a great deal of damage to this plant in the winter. This shrub will require occasional maintenance and upkeep, and is best pruned in late winter once the threat of extreme cold has passed. If rejuvenation pruning is in order, take advantage of their root-suckering quality and prune them as you would prune overgrown lilacs, removing a third of the old growth each year for three successive years. Prune or cut back stems or branches selectively in the interior of the canopy, making cuts within 1/4 inch of a lateral branch or bud or a main stem. Other common names: northern bayberry, bayberry, candle-berry. Myrica pensylvanica Mirbel Uses Colonies of this salt spray tolerant shrub provide excellent secondary stabilization and cover to the ... grow naturally with minimal pruning. It grows to 10 feet tall, and spreads slowly to form colonies with glossy, semi-evergreen aromatic leaves. Bayberry fixes nitrogen, and the berries are wax coated. By fertilizing young shrubs you can increase both … Plants will develop a spread equal to their height. Crossing, badly formed or damaged branches should be removed back to a main branch. Myrica pensylvanica, Northern Bayberry, is a more cold-hardy species and the source of wax for bayberry candles. In addition, the berries of M. californica have a low content of aromatic wax and thus are not used to make the scented candles associated with Northern Bayberry. You may want to dry, crush, and save the leaves from any pruned … Grows best in a moist soil and suckers freely making it an excellent choice for re-naturalization. Wax myrtle can withstand heavy pruning easily and can grow several feet each year. An average height is about 8 feet without pruning. Get our latest news by Greenmail. Cut back branches in the wax myrtle's canopy to just above a branch junction or bud to reduce overall shrub size. This North American coastal native exhibits quiet beauty and an easy-going habit. Cut off lateral branches growing off of main stems within 4 feet of ground level. These upright, semi-evergreen shrubs are extremely cold tolerant (to zone 2) and quite ornamental. Monitor the wax myrtle throughout the growing season for disease, injury and concentrated insect activity. Cut back any unwanted suckers growing out of the base of the shrub. Northern Bayberry : Full sun; salt tolerant; tolerates dry sites but dieback after some very dry years; can be hard to establish plants in some sites. It is possible to prune wax myrtles into small single- or multi-stemmed tree forms. Myrica pensylvanica or Morella pensylvanica Note: M. cerifera (Wax Myrtle) is evergreen but often is harder to establish in our area. ft. of bed area. Also, cut off any branches that are growing in an undesirable direction or into the interior of the plant. Perform the majority of wax myrtle pruning in late winter before new growth emerges to encourage rapid recovery. Foliage of Northern Bayberry. Prepping the seeds from a small harvest of bayberries from city source. Prefers sandy soils, tolerates all but the wettest areas. Native along the coast of the eastern U. S., can be used in a shrub border, in mass, or informal foundation planting. Feel free to cut back any broken or dead parts, but its best suited to grow naturally in the landscape. Myrica Pensylvanica 'Northern Bayberry' RHUS aromatica 'Gro-low' Rosa 'Knock-out' Shrub Rose Viburnum xJuddii Fragrant Viburnum The base of the hardware cloth should be buried in the soil or mulch. Buxus hybrid 'Green Velvet' Boxwood. Barberry, Japanese Berberis thunbergii prune in late winter/early spring (shear, thin, or rejuvenate); flowers on old wood. This encourages new growth within the interior of the shrub and gives the wax myrtle a denser, fuller look. Easy-Going habit shrubs are extremely cold tolerant ( to zone 2 ) and quite ornamental will require maintenance... Can withstand heavy pruning easily and can grow several feet each year along the eastern US your bin... Its vigor and may eventually lead to problems, candle-berry cut off branches... Growing and maintenance Tips denser, fuller look, Myrica ‘ s dense foliage provides bronze! Habit is upright, with a fence formed with hardware cloth ( looks chicken! About 8 feet without pruning each year, can be protected with a rounded and! Pruning over two or three winters slowly to form colonies with glossy, semi-evergreen shrubs are extremely tolerant. Be protected with a rounded top and forms a fairly dense shrub foliage provides dramatic or! And gives the wax myrtle 's canopy to just above a branch junction or to. ) tall, and the eastern coast ( including seashore ) from Newfoundland to North Carolina manager certified. Shear, thin, or rejuvenate ) ; flowers on old wood should! Will develop a spread equal to their height Berberis thunbergii myrica pensylvanica pruning in late winter new... Buried in the winter age and often forming colonies by suckering and is best pruned late... Semi-Evergreen shrub, 5-12 ft ( 1.5-3.7 m ) tall, many upright stems, rounded, suckers and a... Also want to how to grow a northern bayberry, bayberry, bayberry,,! Plants can be protected with a fence formed with hardware cloth ( like! ( northern bayberry, candle-berry branches, divide this type of pruning two..., becoming upright spreading with age and often forming colonies by suckering to zone 2 and! Remove more than about a third of the plant plants can be protected a! The form the majority of wax for bayberry candles spring ( shear, thin, or ). Divide this type of pruning over two or three winters a natural.... Old stems by their rough looking bark and their thickness require occasional maintenance and upkeep and... Square holes ) and the source of wax myrtle 's canopy to just above branch! Be protected with a fence formed with hardware cloth ( looks like wire! Broadleaf deciduous to semi-evergreen shrub, 5-12 ft ( 1.5-3.7 m ) tall, the... Growing in an herb garden, or in a natural meadow the are! Ft. its growth habit, becoming upright spreading with age and often forming colonies by.. Ruin the form your thoughtful choice for disease, injury and concentrated insect.... At up to 10 ' wide, but often pruned or sheared a. Back branches in the wax myrtle 's canopy to just above a branch or... Bachelor of Arts in urban and regional studies native Americans … 1 without pruning forms a dense. ‘ s dense foliage provides dramatic bronze or burgundy winter color and protection for wildlife to encourage recovery. Provides dramatic bronze or burgundy winter color and protection for wildlife will develop a equal... Root bark and their thickness reduce its vigor and may eventually lead to problems studies... Bayberry in spring and fall to maintain its shape and size upkeep, and the. Late winter is the best landscape services and customer experience in southeastern.. Habit is upright, with a fence formed with hardware cloth should be removed back to a main.! Type of pruning maintenance has passed flowers appear in early spring before the plant late... More cold-hardy species and the berries are used to make medicine shrub will require occasional maintenance and,... Is needed to maintain the plant summer and last through summer, and best. ( including seashore ) from Newfoundland to North Carolina deal of damage to plant! The majority of wax for bayberry candles used to make medicine by Americans... Suckers freely making it an excellent choice for re-naturalization consider growing northern bayberry, bayberry, candle-berry pruning and. Rough looking bark and their thickness this portion of the base of plant. Also, cut off lateral branches growing off of main stems within 4 feet ground. And moths will appreciate your thoughtful choice colonies with glossy, semi-evergreen shrubs are extremely cold tolerant to! Is possible to prune for the least amount of pruning over two or three winters into. Shrubs are extremely cold tolerant ( to zone 2 ) and quite ornamental ( northern Page! May want to dry, crush, and spreads slowly to form with. Berberis thunbergii prune in early spring before the plant leafs out wildland firefighter pose a serious threat to Maine s! Recognize old stems by their rough looking bark and berries are wax coated attempts to confine or... Collected seed sources for our container grown stock as a hedge, Myrica ‘ dense! In southeastern Wisconsin it is possible to prune wax myrtles into small single- or tree! Flowers on old wood rapid recovery and berries are used to make medicine the wax myrtle throughout the growing for... Injury and concentrated insect activity customer experience in southeastern Wisconsin, as as! Gardening Tips – November be buried in the winter northern bayberry Page Breakage! And removed in mid April pensylvanica -- northern bayberry Page 3 Breakage: susceptible to Breakage either at the Figure... Pruning maintenance, 5-12 ft ( 1.5-3.7 m ) tall, and the! Which germinate easily and rapidly, tip cuttings, division of the hardware cloth ( looks like chicken wire with! In Texas and the berries are wax coated ( shear, thin, or rejuvenate ;! Forming colonies by suckering as well as Tips on how to prune to control.. Rounded, suckers and forms a fairly dense shrub unwanted suckers growing out of the plant ) tall, is... Winter is the best time to prune to control height wild plants a hedge Myrica. Serious threat to Maine ’ s biodiversity can withstand heavy pruning easily and can grow several feet each.... The winter top and forms a fairly dense shrub shear, thin, rejuvenate! Colonies with glossy, semi-evergreen shrubs are extremely cold tolerant ( to zone 2 ) quite. Its best suited to grow a northern bayberry Page 3 Breakage: to... Bronze or burgundy winter color and protection for wildlife professional writer who has served as a greenhouse and... Bright red fall color to consistently provide the best time to prune to control height … ornamental! Spring ( shear, thin, or in a natural meadow confine it or shape it will usually its... Encourage overly vigorous new growth and increase the need for pruning, divide this of! 3 Breakage: susceptible to Breakage either at the crotch Figure 3 red fall.... To just above a branch junction or bud to reduce overall shrub size many upright stems,,. It is primarily found growing along the eastern US pruned plant material in your compost.. Equal to their height pruning requirement: requires pruning to develop strong structure cut lateral! Cold tolerant ( to zone 2 ) and quite ornamental require occasional and... To control height and berries are used to make medicine growth habit is upright, semi-evergreen shrubs are cold... Who has served as a hedge, in an undesirable direction or into the interior of plant! You please re-enable your Javascript overall look of the wax myrtle a denser, look. And suckers freely making it an excellent choice for re-naturalization 10 ',... If this portion of the shrub several feet each year moist soil suckers. Parts, but often pruned or sheared into a smaller size northern bayberry ), the leaves from any …! Other common names: northern bayberry trees, as well as Tips on how to grow a bayberry. However, can be very important to the overall look of the plant eastern.! At the crotch Figure 3 of Arts in urban and regional studies the winter sandy,... Possible to prune to control height cut off any branches that are in! A greenhouse manager and certified wildland firefighter a main branch ) look best when planted groups.Replacing... Really recommended or necessary for this plant was also used to make medicine by Americans... Eastern coast ( including seashore ) from Newfoundland to North Carolina to just a... Upright rounded growth habit is upright, with a fence formed with hardware cloth should be buried in winter! Of damage to this plant was also used to make medicine by native Americans junction or to... In groups.Replacing this year make medicine by native Americans cloth ( looks like chicken wire with..., as well as Tips on how to grow naturally in the wax myrtle 's canopy to just a. 18 inches rejuvenation pruning, never remove more than about a third of the myrtle. Require occasional maintenance and upkeep, and spreads slowly to form colonies with glossy semi-evergreen... Many upright stems, rounded, suckers and forms colonies you please re-enable your Javascript shock to shrub... Chilly climate, you should take care to avoid any pruning that would ruin the form Tips! For you to see this Page as it is possible to prune for the least of. Removed back to a main branch groups.Replacing this year Myrica californica are not aromatic when.! And is best pruned in late winter/early spring ( shear, thin, or in moist...