Second, Saul was a king, not a priest, and only priests were to offer sacrifices. Then Saul blew the trumpet throughout the land, saying, 'Let the Hebrews hear.' This was a bad sign in the heart and character of Saul. : Samuel knew Saul did something wrong. 1 Samuel 13:1 Hebrew Saul was one year old when he became king, and he reigned two years over Israel; some Greek manuscripts give Saul's age when he began to reign as thirty years; 1 Samuel 13:14 Or leader; 1 Samuel 13:15 Septuagint; Hebrew lacks The rest of the people… from Gilgal; 1 Samuel 13:20 Septuagint; Hebrew plowshare; 1 Samuel 13:21 Hebrew was a pim Saul probably felt that a quick response gave them the best chance to win the battle. But David thought it was important because it pleased and honored God. The same principle is true spiritually in our lives. : Saul’s response is a classic example of excuse making and failure to trust God. David thought that God was the goal. ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. : “I had to do something to impress the people and gain back their support.” But if Saul had obeyed and trusted God, God would have seen him to victory over the Philistines with or without the people. 1. Perhaps many Israelites admired Saul for offering the sacrifice. 1 Samuel 13:1. a. Thirty thousand chariots and six thousand horsemen, and people as the sand which is on the seashore in multitude: The Philistines, angered by the Israelites, gathered a huge army to crush Israel. Ch. If peace with the devil is more important to you than victory in the LORD, you will often be defeated and subjected. (19-23) The technological superiority of the Philistines. 1. 1 Samuel 13:1-7. This was a low point for Israel. First, Saul plainly disobeyed Samuel. Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel] The Hebrew cannot be thus translated. The Lord would have established thy kingdom for ever — The phrase, for ever, in Scripture, often signifies only a long time. Previously Israel only had a militia that assembled in times of national threat. i. They may even kind of like us. Therefore I felt compelled: “I had to. a. 1 SAMUEL 13. So Saul said, “Bring a burnt offering and peace offerings here to me.” And he offered the burnt offering. They have more men, more chariots, more horses, and better swords and spears than we have. And they came up and encamped in Michmash, to the east of Beth Aven. “To disobey God in the smallest matter is sin enough: there can be no sin little, because there is no little God to sin against.” (Trapp), ii. Second. When Saul at length sounded an alarm, the people, dissatisfied with his management, or terrified by the power of the enemy, did not come to him, or speedily deserted him. Biblical Commentary 1 Samuel 16:1-13 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Samuel made his farewell address (chapter 12) after renewing Saul's kingship (11:14-15). 1 Samuel 13:13 - Samuel said to Saul, Samuel said to Saul, "You have acted foolishly; you have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God, which He commanded you, for now the LORD would have established your kingdom over Israel forever. Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible has served as an invaluable guide to the Bible for pastors and students the world over. He could probably smell the sacrifice in the air. Chapter 13 of first Samuel begins with Saul’s first couple years as ruler of Israel. b. Saul thought God would help him achieve his goals. But Samuel did not come to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from him. There was no blacksmith to be found throughout all the land of Israel. And Samuel said, “What have you done?” And Saul said, “When I saw that the people were scattered from me, and, you did not come within the days appointed, and, the Philistines gathered together at Michmash, then I said, ‘The Philistines will now come down on me at Gilgal, and I have not made supplication to the LORD.’ Therefore I felt compelled, and offered a burnt offering.”, As soon as he finished offering the burnt offering. They imported weapons and know-how from those distant lands. It was bad enough to be outnumbered so badly. e. The LORD has sought for Himself a man after His own heart, and the LORD has commanded him to be commander over His people: Though God rejected Saul He did not reject Israel. He was all about image, prestige, and the things men look at. Want of true sense always accompanies want of grace. ii. a. . When David was confronted with his sin he confessed his sin and repented (2 Samuel 12:13). Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. And it was told Samuel, “Saul came to p Carmel, and behold, he set up a monument for himself and turned and passed on and went down to Gilgal.” 13 And Samuel came to Saul, and Saul said to him, q “Blessed be you to the L ord. The Bible speaks of the fool as someone morally and spiritually lacking. : Saul decided to perform the sacrifice not more than an hour before Samuel arrived. on StudyLight.org Israel had enjoyed the “peace” of subjected people: everything will be fine as long as you take your place of subjugation. First, this was because these farm tools were the only weapons the Israelites had, so why make them so sharp? I couldn’t wait any longer.” Even though Saul. But Saul made an unlawful sacrifice, and Samuel told him, "You have done foolishly. Samuel put it plainly: you have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God. Men destitute of inward piety, often lay great stress on the outward performances of religion. Out of fear, out of panic, out of not knowing what else to do, Saul did something clearly sinful. He didn’t say to Samuel, “Did I do something wrong?” He knew exactly what he did and probably thought of the excuses ahead of time. As soon as the Israelites showed boldness and courage against the LORD’s enemies, the Philistines considered the Israelites, ii. ii. And Samuel said to Saul, “You have done foolishly. The same principle is true spiritually in our lives. Samuel, Saul may also be trying to show Samuel how spiritual he is. Through this attack Jonathan proclaimed, “We won’t meekly surrender to the Philistines any longer.”, Israel had become an abomination to the Philistines, .” As long as the Israelites stayed in their weak, defeated place, the Philistines thought they were great guys. Then Saul blew the trumpet throughout all the land, saying, “Let the Hebrews hear!” Now all Israel heard it said that Saul had attacked a garrison of the Philistines, and that Israel had also become an abomination to the Philistines. When the men of Israel saw that they were in danger: Jonathan was bold enough to launch the initial attack against the Philistines, but the men of Israel were not bold enough to now stand strong against their enemy. For above a year he gave the Philistine time to prepare for war, and to weaken and to disarm the Israelites. and raise that man up to be the next king. a. Line upon line, Saul made his sin worse with excuses. Though he was a king, he would not establish the monarchy in Israel. We may request cookies to be set on your device. You have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God, which He commanded you: Despite all the excuses, all the reasons, all the blaming of someone else, the bottom line was still the bottom line. But now your kingdom shall not continue. Samuel did not mean Saul was unintelligent or silly. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. Then raiders came out of the camp of the Philistines in three companies. Samuel had not come to offer the sacrifice in preparation for battle, and Saul dared not go into battle without it—yet the opportunity for attack was passing quickly and the army was beginning to desert. And some of the Hebrews crossed over the Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead. So it came about, on the day of battle, that there was neither sword nor spear found in the hand of any of the people who were with Saul and Jonathan. Saul broke the order expressly given by Samuel, see 1 Samuel 10:8, as to what should be done in cases of extremity. They may even kind of like us. It just seemed like the right thing to do. A man after God’s heart enthrones God as king. Then Samuel would preside over sacrifices and Israel would be spiritually ready for battle. . “This number seems incredible to infidels; to whom it may be sufficient to reply, that it is far more rational to acknowledged a mistake in him that copied out the sacred text in such numeral or historical passages, wherein the doctrine of faith and good life in not directly concerned, than upon such a pretense to question the truth and divinity of the Holy Scriptures, which are so fully attested, and evidently demonstrated. But Samuel did not look for reasons or excuses because there were no valid reasons or excuses. Even if Samuel was totally in the wrong, it didn’t justify Saul’s sin. 1 Samuel 13 Commentary. : This was the first “regular” army for Israel. Both David and Saul knew sacrifice before battle was important. 13 Saul was thirty [] years old when he became king, and he reigned over Israel forty-[] two years. Footnotes. God commanded him to do something, and he did the opposite. Now for the first time Israel had a professional army. You have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God, which He commanded you. Saul could have made supplication to the LORD in any number of ways. b. 3. When the men of Israel saw that they were in danger (for the people were distressed), then the people hid in caves, in thickets, in rocks, in holes, and in pits. He didn’t have to sin though he felt like sinning. Saul had attacked a garrison of the Philistines, and that Israel had also become an abomination to the Philistines. We can discover this by looking at the man who was. If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. Then he waited seven days, according to the time set by Samuel. Samuel did not mean Saul was unintelligent or silly. Samuel charges Saul with being an enemy to himself. 1 Samuel 13:6-14. : What does this mean? Saul reigned one year, and nothing particular happened; but in his second year the events recorded in this chapter took place. So they worshipped the LORD there: Worship is a repeated characteristic of this family (see also 1 Samuel 1:3, 19, 28). In fact at this time, he wasn’t a man at all! Sins which appear to us very little, have dangerous consequences. 1 Samuel 13 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is written by one of the most influential men of the modern Christianity movement. Then Saul blew the trumpet throughout all the land, saying, “Let the Hebrews hear!” Now all Israel heard it said. He knew the Philistines were assembling a huge army against him, and that once they were organized they would be much harder to beat. This was a bad sign in the heart and character of Saul. He gets things done. MT: ‘een jaar’. Their division into two books each, as we now have them, originates with the so-called Septuagint translation of the Hebrew Scriptures into Greek, said to have been made in the third century B.C. When David was down and out he still loved and served those who were even more down and out (1 Samuel 22:1-2). i. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. He is like a child who gets caught with his hand in the cookie jar and then says to his mother, “Let’s pray!”. (8-14) The policy of the Philistines. He waited seven days: Saul was in Gilgal for many months. God commanded him to do something, and he did the opposite. Those that disobey the commandments of God, do foolishly for themselves. This chapter is the subject of an incredible number of contradictory opinions that it has evoked from the scholars, translators and commentators who have written about it. (15-18) The Philistines begin their raids. And this declaration would have been abundantly verified, if the kingdom had been enjoyed by Saul, and by his son, and by his son’s son; after whom the kingdom might have come to Judah. All Samuel wanted to hear was confession and repentance. 1 Samuel 13 Commentary, this 12 volume, chapter by chapter commentary of 4,800 sermon outlines and 24,000 homiletic references Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. But Samuel did not come to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from him. Men see nothing but Saul's outward act, which seems small; but God saw that he did this with unbelief and distrust of his providence, with contempt of his authority and justice, and with rebellion against the light of his own conscience. The last moments of waiting are usually the most difficult and they powerfully tempt us to take matters into our own hands. d. And he offered the burnt offering: This was plainly sinful. Second, Saul was a king, not a priest, and only priests were to offer sacrifices. 1. Now he is down to 600 because many soldiers scattered while Saul waited for Samuel (1 Samuel 13:8). Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. (1-7) Saul sacrifices, He is reproved by Samuel. But Saul would actually reign another 20 years. It would be easy to say that the kingdom was taken from Saul because he sinned and on one level, that was true; but it was more than that. A man after God’s heart has a soft, repentant heart. Commentary on 1 Samuel 13:8-14 (Read 1 Samuel 13:8-14) Saul broke the order expressly given by Samuel, see 1 Samuel 10:8, as to what should be done in cases of extremity. Matthew Henry :: Commentary on 1 Samuel 13 ← Back to Matthew Henry's Bio & Resources. : Samuel left probably knowing that the announcement of judgment was an invitation to repentance, and probably knowing that Saul would not repent. Saul was more concerned with his will than God’s will. For now the LORD would have established your kingdom over Israel forever. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. v. The whole manner of Saul’s explanation makes it clear this was no misunderstanding. : Though God rejected Saul He did not reject Israel. 1 Samuel 13:3 - Jonathan smote the garrison of the Philistines that was in Geba, and the Philistines heard of it. You did not come within the days appointed. Saul, Jonathan his son, and the people present with them remained in Gibeah of Benjamin. You have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God, which He commanded you. 1 Samuel 13 Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary. Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel, Saul chose for himself three thousand. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. The LORD has sought for Himself a man after His own heart, and the LORD has commanded him to be commander over His people, because you have not kept what the LORD commanded you.”. He could probably smell the sacrifice in the air. on StudyLight.org i. According to 1 Samuel 13:5 the Philistines already had a huge army, easily outmatching Saul’s 3,000 men. They were a fearless and fearsome army against Saul and Israel. His own sense of insecurity will not allow any of his associates (even his own son) to receive credit. © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . See 2 Samuel 2:10; 2 Samuel 5:4; 1 Kings 14:21, &c. Second, the people were scattered from him feeling that the battle wouldn’t be fought and that the plan wasn’t working out. “This is the first place in which this brave and excellent man appears; a man who bears one of the most amiable characters in the Bible.” (Clarke). I saw that the people were scattered from me. i. Saul reigned one year—(see Margin). 1 Samuel Chapter 13 Summary. About six hundred men: Earlier, Saul had about 3,000 in his regular army (1 Samuel 13:2). i. But Samuel did not look for reasons or excuses because there were no valid reasons or excuses. c. For now the LORD would have established your kingdom over Israel forever: The whole point in being a king was to establish a dynasty, where one’s sons sat on the throne afterwards. 1 Samuel 13:1 (NIV) Saul was thirty years old when he became king, and he reigned over Israel forty- two years. If he trusted God and waited one more hour, how different things could have been! Study the bible online using commentary on 1 Samuel 13 and more! Then Samuel would preside over sacrifices and Israel would be spiritually ready for battle. The Philistines will now come down on me at Gilgal, and I have not made supplication to the LORD, : “We really needed God’s help against the Philistines, and we needed it now, so I had to do it.” But if Saul would have obeyed and trusted God, the LORD would take care of the Philistines. Bible Commentary 1 Samuel 13. Now Saul. When David was down and out he still loved and served those who were even more down and out (1 Samuel 22:1-2). Read 1 Samuel 13 commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete). Many times, when God announces judgment, He will relent if His people repent. And the mistake is not great in the Hebrew, schalosh for shelishim; and so indeed those two ancient translators, the Syriac and Arabic, translate it, and are supposed to have read in their Hebrew copies, three thousand.” (Poole). I Samuel 13:1-15 recounts the story of an act of presumption by another well-known figure, containing another valuable lesson for us. Line upon line, Saul made his sin worse with excuses. When David was confronted with his sin he confessed his sin and repented (2 Samuel 12:13). Then raiders came out of the camp of the Philistines. There was no blacksmith to be found throughout all the land of Israel: The Philistines had superior military technology and they wanted to keep it that way. If you came earlier, I wouldn’t have done this.” But if Saul obeyed and trusted God, God would take care of Samuel and the timing. d. And Saul said: Saul’s response is a classic example of excuse making and failure to trust God. 1 Samuel 13 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this one volume concise commentary provides a condensed look at nearly every verse in the Bible First the waiting for Samuel was stressful because he felt time was his enemy. 1Sa 13:1, 2. When the men of Israel saw that they were in danger (for the people were distressed), then the people hid in caves, in thickets, in rocks, in holes, and in pits. God is. All Israel heard it said that Saul had attacked a garrison of the Philistines, : Saul plainly took credit for Jonathan’s bold attack on the. ii. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. All sin is a disregard of God, but David sinned more out of weakness and Saul more out of a disregard for God. When charged with disobedience, he justified himself in what he had done, and gave no sign of repentance for it. b. As soon as he finished offering the burnt offering: Saul decided to perform the sacrifice not more than an hour before Samuel arrived. Even when David didn’t do God’s will, he still knew God’s will was more important. of Israel. He needed to drink in praise like thirsty men drink water. . David knew God’s will was most important. Yet this attack merely wakened the Philistines. Saul had no business doing what only a priest should do. Yet this attack merely wakened the Philistines. i. was king. We often think things will “fix” problems when they won’t at all. As long as we are weak and subjected to our spiritual enemies, they don’t mind us at all. When Saul was confronted with his sin he offered excuses. David also sinned yet God never took the kingdom from David and his descendants. followers than no followers at all, but how much better if Israel would have really trusted the LORD here. God told Saul that his descendants would not reign after him. Saul thought it was important because it might help him win the battle. His own sense of insecurity will not allow any of his associates (even his own son) to receive credit. Saul's Selected Band. : The Philistines, angered by the Israelites, gathered a huge army to crush Israel. But Saul would actually reign another 20 years. Blessed Saviour, may we never, like Saul, bring our poor offerings, or fancied peace-offerings, without looking to thy precious, thy all-sufficient sacrifice! : “You see Samuel, it was really your fault. But God will now give Israel a man. All sin is a disregard of God, but David sinned more out of weakness and Saul more out of a disregard for God. Sidlow Baxter - In the Hebrew manuscripts, 1 and 2 Samuel form but one book, as also do 1 and 2 Kings and 1 and 2 Chronicles. And they came up and encamped in Michmash, to the east of Beth Aven. But our spiritual enemies have the same attitude as the Philistines. Now that he was king, the men of Israel expected greater things from him. Now it happened, as soon as he had finished presenting the burnt offering, that Samuel came; and Saul went out to meet him, that he might greet him. Now there was no blacksmith to be found throughout all the land of Israel, for the Philistines said, “Lest the Hebrews make swords or spears.” But all the Israelites would go down to the Philistines to sharpen each man’s plowshare, his mattock, his ax, and his sickle; and the charge for a sharpening was a pim for the plowshares, the mattocks, the forks, and the axes, and to set the points of the goads. Jonathan attacked the garrison of the Philistines, : Jonathan was a remarkable military leader. The troops were losing confidence in Saul as a leader and beginning to scatter. In the press of the current crisis, every day now seemed much more important. Because God loved Israel He would raise up a king, a man after His own heart. Because the actual judgment for this sin was so far off we should regard Samuel’s pronouncement of judgment as an invitation to repentance. Saul went out to meet him, that he might greet him, : Now Saul really overstepped his bounds. He repeatedly demonstrated the ability to lead a successful attack. God allowed this to test Saul’s faith, to see if he believed God was great enough to deliver from so many with so few. And Saul numbered the people present with him, about six hundred men. And, the Hebrews crossed over the Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. Since they were a seafaring people, the Philistines traded with the technologically sophisticated cultures to the west, especially the Greeks. i. c. Then raiders came out of the camp of the Philistines: With so many troops the Philistines could raid at will. Saul was more concerned with his will than God’s will. But as soon as we show some boldness and courage against the LORD’s enemies, our spiritual foes consider us an abomination. It may be that Saul wanted to keep re-living the glorious day when Samuel recognized and confirmed him as king before the entire nation. So, we have to trust God and make a quick attack before they can get organized. It is the common formula for denoting the age of a king at his accession, and the length of his reign. 2. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. (1) Because of Saul’s disobedience the kingdom had been torn from him, and it was Samuel’s duty to inform Saul of this (15:22-23, 26, and 28). David thought that God was the goal. : Saul’s position as king was confirmed at Gilgal (1 Samuel 11:15). 1 Samuel 13 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this volume commentary on the Bible is highly regarded for his very prudent and judicious expositions For now the LORD would have established your kingdom over Israel forever. Now there was no blacksmith to be found throughout all the land of Israel, for the Philistines said, “Lest the Hebrews make swords or spears.” But all the Israelites would go down to the Philistines to sharpen each man’s plowshare, his mattock, his ax, and his sickle; and the charge for a sharpening was a pim for the plowshares, the mattocks, the forks, and the axes, and to set the points of the goads. But God will now give Israel a man after His own heart and raise that man up to be the next king. He could have cried out the LORD for the whole nation with a humble heart, but instead he did the, : “I had to. We might imagine that the Philistine blacksmiths, even though they charged each Israelite a pim for sharpening, would never put too fine an edge on anything. The rest of the people he sent away, every man to his tent. Saul thought it was important because it might help him win the battle. (3-4) Jonathan initiates conflict with the Philistines. 1 Samuel 13:1 (NKJV) Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel. So it came about, on the day of battle, that there was neither sword nor spear found in the hand of any of the people who. He could have cried out the LORD for the whole nation with a humble heart, but instead he did the one thing he must not do: offer a sacrifice. All Rights Reserved. As long as we are weak and subjected to our spiritual enemies, they don’t mind us at all. , he was not supposed to be ruled by his feelings. Login or Create an Account. Samuel put it plainly: you have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God. But as soon as we show some boldness and courage against the LORD’s enemies, our spiritual foes consider us. With a UCG.org account you will be able to save items to read and study later! Those that desired a king like all the nations fancied that, when they had one, they should look very great and considerable; but in this chapter we find it proved much otherwise. ; and so indeed those two ancient translators, the Syriac and Arabic, translate it, and are supposed to have read in their Hebrew copies, When the men of Israel saw that they were in danger, : Jonathan was bold enough to launch the initial attack against the Philistines, but the men of Israel were not bold enough to now stand strong against their enemy. Saul offered sacrifice without Samuel, and did it himself, though he was neither priest nor prophet. You have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God, which He commanded you. Saul arranged with the prophet Samuel to perform sacrifices in an appeal to God to intervene before Israel went into battle with the invading Philistines. And Samuel said, “What have you done?” And Saul said, “When I saw that the people were scattered from me, and that you did not come within the days appointed, and that the Philistines gathered together at Michmash, then I said, ‘The Philistines will now come down on me at Gilgal, and I have not made supplication to the LORD.’ Therefore I felt compelled, and offered a burnt offering.”. The LORD has sought for Himself a man after His own heart, for this kind of man and God found this man in an unlikely place. 1 Samuel 13 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is one of the most respected interdenominational commentaries ever written. 1-samuel 13:3 And Jonathan smote the garrison of the … Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel, CHAPTER 13. According to the time set by Samuel: Samuel told Saul to wait for him at Gilgal. The rest of Israel fought with whatever they could. We can love and pursue God with the kind of focus and passion David had. The Philistines will now come down on me at Gilgal, and I have not made supplication to the LORD: “We really needed God’s help against the Philistines, and we needed it now, so I had to do it.” But if Saul would have obeyed and trusted God, the LORD would take care of the Philistines. Literally, the Hebrew says that Saul wanted to bless Samuel – perhaps as a priest blesses the people. For David, the LORD God was king. Though he was a king, he would not establish the monarchy in Israel. What can it avail to sacrifice to God, against God?” (Trapp), Now it happened, as soon as he had finished presenting the burnt offering, that Samuel came; and Saul went out to meet him, that he might greet him.